نوع مقاله : مقالات

نویسندگان

دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

توسعۀ نوآوری و یادگیری سازمانی برای دست‌یافتن به مزیت رقابتی پایدار و بهبود عملکرد سازمانی، به وجود شرایط و بستری مناسب نیاز دارد که سبک های رهبریِ مدیریت، یکی از عوامل مؤثر در این زمینه هست. بدین‌جهت پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل و بررسی تأثیر سبک های رهبری بر عملکرد سازمانی، از راه نوآوری و یادگیری سازمانی به روش توصیفی-پیمایشی صورت گرفته است. درحالی‌که مطالعه‌های گذشته بیشتر بر تأثیر سبک رهبری تحولی تمرکز داشته‌اند، این مقاله تأثیر دو سبک رهبری تحولی و تبادلی را بررسی نموده است. جامعه آماری، کارکنان دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان بودند که ۲۴۲ نفر از آنها به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه های استاندارد و محقق ساخته و به-منظور بررسی فرضیه ها از مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری استفاده شده است. یافته های این مطالعه نشان می دهد که (۱) سبک رهبری تحولی تأثیر مثبتی بر عملکرد سازمانی از طریق یادگیری و نوآوری دارد؛ (۲) یادگیری سازمانی تأثیر مثبتی بر نوآوری و عملکرد سازمانی دارد؛ (۳) نوآوری سازمانی تأثیر مثبتی بر عملکرد سازمانی دارد. ولی رابطه میان سبک رهبری تبادلی با یادگیری، نوآوری و عملکرد سازمانی تائید نشد. مدل معادلات ساختاری طراحی‌شده بر اساس محیط جامعه آماری، به شکل بومی‌سازی شده اش، نشان از اهمیت سبک رهبری تحولی در حرکت سازمان به سمت نوآوری و یادگیری سازمانی و درنهایت عملکرد سازمانی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Influences of ladership styles on organizational performance with mediating role of organizational learning and innovation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Noor Mohamad Yaghobi
  • javad shukuhy
  • hafaseh raiisi
  • farzaneh sayydi

sistan & blochestan University

چکیده [English]

Development of innovation and organizational learning in order to gain a sustainable competitive advantage and improve organizational performance needs appropriate circumstances under which management leadership styles remain an important factor. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the impact of leadership styles on organizational performance through innovation and learning that was conducted with a descriptive- survey method. While previous studies have focused on the impact of transformational leadership style, our research incorporated both transactional and transformational leadership style simultaneously. The Statistical Population consists of the employees of Sistan and Baluchestan University, from which a sample of 242 was selected. In order to collect research data, existing as well as designed questionnaires were used. Collected data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling to verify the hypothesis. The results of the study showed that (1) transformational leadership influences organizational performance positively through organizational learning and innovation; (2) organizational learning influences organizational performance positively, both directly and indirectly through organizational innovation; (3) organizational innovation influences organizational performance positively. However, the relationship between transactional leadership style and learning, innovation and organizational performance was not confirmed. Moreover, the result of the study indicated that; use of transformational leadership style leads to move organizations towards innovation and creating a learning organization and ultimately improved performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leadership styles
  • Organizational Learning
  • Organizational innovation
  • Organizational performance
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